National History Museum
The National History Museum has a legal obligation to register, examine, and describe in situ antiquities. These include ruins, burial places, relics, buildings, and objects that are subject to conservation laws.
In order to describe artifacts oral and written knowledge is collected, as well as photographs and illustrations etc., that authenticate and delineate the artifacts.
The museum collects, processes, and conserves artifacts and inspects church treasures. It also performs archaeological excavations and landscape surveys across the country.
The museum is also prescribed to collect and conserve ethnological material, such as oral narratives about the life and work of our ancestors.
The purpose of this is to use it in culture-historical research, public information work, and education today and in the future.
Cultural heritage is collective memory
Cultural heritage is our collective memory about the society and living conditions of past generations. People have always left traces in the environment. These traces can be tools, photographs, buildings, and other constructions.
The traces often have a different meaning for us today, than they did for the people who left the traces behind. Cultural recollections demonstrate continuation and progress through time. Therefore, they are the basis of our understanding and interpretation of our past. Thus, they contribute to the understanding of our time and the creation of our future.